Lots of Luck
translation and adaptation of a discourse by
The Lubavitcher Rebbe, Rabbi
Menachem Mendel Schneerson
Purim 5713 
by Rabbi David Rothschild
OUTLINE of part 3:
Part 3 (of 3)
the text an attempt was made to abridge and elucidate their content. To provide
background information for difficult terms and concepts, additional material from
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III. Holy Hanging
We can now understand the greatness of Purim's miracle.
By casting the pur-lottery, Haman attained a position higher than the Worlds.
At that location darkness and light are equivalent. 41 As Solomon hinted, "The
spider captures its prey with its handiwork [since] it is inside the King's palace."
42 That's why "Haman schemed to erect a fifty-cubit high gallows." 43
For the Fiftieth Gate is above the system of Worlds.
only the lower Forty-Nine Gates of Understanding. But the Fiftieth Gate was withheld
Between Passover and Shavuot we count the Forty-Nine Days of
the Omer Offering. Each day rectifies defects in a corresponding emotional attribute.
Seven attributes require rectification: Kindness, Severity, Splendor, Victory,
Glory, Foundation and Kingship. Inter-included within each attribute is an element
of the other six; together, they total forty-nine. Shavuot is on the fiftieth
day after Passover. The Giving of the Torah was a gift from G-d. It arrives from
a level beyond our grasp; since G-d's Infinity is revealed there.
Infinity, extant within the Fiftieth Gate of Understanding, is abstracted above
all manner of differentiation, including the distinction between good and evil;
light and darkness.]
This is the miracle of Purim. Despite the fact this
level is elevated above the system of Worlds - where darkness is the same as light
- nonetheless, even there, "He will choose for us our inheritance, the pride
of Jacob that He loves for eternity." 44 His choice will be within Jewish
Jewish souls are supreme within the sefirah of Wisdom. As Moses
supplicated, "Gaze down from Your Divine abode, from the heavens, and bless
Your nation Israel." 45 "Your Divine abode" refers to the sefirah
of Wisdom. The verse then concludes, "And bless Your nation Israel."
[Amalek is a nation of evil incarnate. Every generation their souls return
to murder Jews. Haman was a descendent of Amalek. Haman thought he could preempt
the preeminence of the Jews by ascending above Wisdom into the pre-Creation site
But Haman raised himself above the attribute of Wisdom. In
this elevated position, darkness is similar to light. Nevertheless, G-d "foiled
his plot." 46
Through the Jews'
willingness to sacrifice their lives for the duration of almost a whole year,
they reached the level above the system of Worlds. For self-sacrifice exceeds
reason, understanding and even the faculty of Will. It is impelled by the essence
of the soul.
[The soul's essence is bound in everlasting unity with the
Essence of G-d. Haman decreed that Jews who converted to Persian idolatry would
be spared his extermination order. Transgressions of that sort sever the soul's
link to G-d. Soul's, fearful of excision from their Divine source, supplied the
inexplicable - higher than reason - impetus to suffer death rather than submit.]
Talmud remarks about marriage, "A wife is selected in heaven for each man
according to his conduct." 47 Although matches are made in the realm of Divinity,
which is above-Worlds, nevertheless they are decided precisely in accord with
man's deeds. By means of the Jews' acts of veritable self-sacrifice, then, even
regarding the lofty level of Infinity above the system of Worlds, still, G-d "will
choose for us our inheritance, the pride of Jacob that He loves for eternity."
Moses hinted to this miracle, "For Jacob is the lot of G-d's inheritance."
48 Onkelos, the second-century Sage, translates the verse as pertaining to a lottery.
49 Hence, even regarding the level of lotteries, where darkness is similar to
light, G-d selects the "pride of Jacob."
The explanation for
this is: although darkness is like light in the realm of Infinity, this equivalence
applies specifically to Infinity's superficial or outer dimension. Within the
inner aspect of Infinity however, G-d's choice is specifically Jewish souls.
[Kabbala employs geometric figures to illustrate
the creation process. Once creation was set in place a finite system of cause
and effect transfers light and life-force from above to below. This transmission
began after a light ray consisting of near-infinite points of space-time shone
forth into "space." Space had hitherto been filled with the Infinite
Light. The Light was withdrawn to permit the introduction of the quasi-finite
Creation Beam. Although it is hidden from us, the Infinite Light remains. It encompasses
space-time like a sphere.
The outer dimension of this sphere is Standard
Infinity. Since Infinity is above limitation, it is accessible to evil. What's
more, evil obtains so much energy, it prevails.
But concealed within the
sphere's inner core resides True Infinity. There, G-d is above the self-imposed
limits of infinity. For Standard Infinity, by definition, can't discriminate,
just as a circle has neither a beginning nor end. But in True Infinity, no such
restriction binds G-d. He can choose whatever He wishes. And He chose the Jews.]
This then is the explanation, "Thus these days were
named Purim based on the word pur." The fundamental miracle of Purim was
the lottery. Although a lottery is above the system of Worlds where darkness matches
light, nevertheless even in respect to the lottery itself, Jewish souls were chosen.
evil scheme was frustrated. "They hung Haman and his sons on the gallows."
50 And they were hanged on the very "gallows that he had prepared for Mordechai."
51 That is, Haman was hanged in the realm of Infinity, which is above the system
"G-d chose for us our inheritance." "I will utterly
wipe out the memory of Amalek from under the heavens." 52 With the complete
Redemption, speedily in our days.
41. Psalms 139:12;
Torah Ohr, page 100:b
42. Proverbs 30:28; Torah Ohr, page 5:b
44. Psalms 47:5
45. Deuteronomy 26:15
46. Prayer service for
47. The Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Sotah, page 2:a
49. Targum Onkelos on the verse
50. Esther 9:25
51. Ibid., 7:10
52. Exodus 17:14
[Rabbi David Rothschild, a resident of Tsfat, is the
founder and editor of Nefesh Magazine.]