Weekly Chasidic Story #1201
(s5781-13 / 28 Kislev 5781 /Dec.14, 2020)
Menorah vs. the Swastika in 1930's Nazi Germany"
51 of the 52 weeks of the year, the menorah belongs to Yad Vashem, Israels
Holocaust museum in Jerusalem.
Connection: Seasonal -- CHANUKAH
format for more convenient printing.
The Menorah vs. the Swastika in 1930's Nazi Germany
This year, starting on Thursday night, December
10 [Kislev 25 on the Jewish calendar], and for the next seven nights, millions
of Jews around the world will light a menorah to celebrate Chanukah. Akiva
Mansbach will be one of them. But his isn't just any menorah. In Kiel,
Germany, in 1932, his great-grandfather (for whom he is named), Rabbi Dr. Akiva
Posner, and his wife, Rachel, lit this very menorah and placed it on their
window sill. Directly across the street was a Nazi flag.
of the essential components of Chanukah is "persumei nisa" --
publicizing the miracle - the miracle of the triumph of a small band of Jews,
the Maccabees, who led a revolt and conquered their Seleucid persecutors 2185
years ago, and, as tradition has it, the primary miracle of when the Holy Temple
was being rededicated and its golden menorah lit, although there was only
enough oil to last for one day, the small supply miraculously burned for eight.
Talmud contains detailed guidelines of how to publicize the miracle, with extensive
commentary on where the menorah would be most visible to people walking
by. The rabbis also discussed foot traffic in marketplaces: They wanted to make
sure that people lit their candles when pedestrians were flooding the streets.
one more crucial detail the rabbis insisted on: In a time of danger, the lighting
of the Chanukah candles can take place inside one's home, on one's table, away
from the gaze of the hostile outside world.
But this escape clause didn't
suffice for the Posners. In 1932, just before Hitler's rise to power, their menorah
shone brightly for all their neighbors to see. Its light - and the meaning behind
it - was made all the more incandescent given the symbol of Jew-hatred hanging
from the building across the street.
The poignancy of the juxtaposition
didn't escape Rachel Posner. She took a photograph of the menorah and the
swastika. On its back, she scribbled in German, "'Death to Judah,' the
flag says, 'Judah will live forever,' the light answers."
Posner, Rachel and their three children left Germany in 1933. Rabbi Posner managed
to persuade many of his congregants to leave as well. They immigrated to the Holy
Land (then called Palestine) in mid 1935, where Rabbi Posner worked first as a
librarian for the Mizrachi Seminar and then became the head librarian of Hechal
For 51 weeks of the year, the menorah belongs
to Yad Vashem, Israel's Holocaust museum in Jerusalem. But each year, right
before Chanukah, the family takes the menorah back and puts it to good
I spoke by phone with the Posners' great-grandson, Akiva Baruch Mansbach,
who lights the menorah every year. The significance of lighting it in his
home in Beit Shemesh, Israel, so many decades after his ancestors lit it as an
act of resistance, does not escape him. "The same light that my great-grandparents
lit in the exile in Germany is the light that so many light today in Israel,"
he told me. "It demonstrates the continuity of Jewish history."
it's the Greeks on Chanukah or the Nazis in Germany, they want the same thing
- to destroy the nation of Israel," he added. The
menorah symbolizes our strength and continuity, the idea that our nation
is strong and will conquer all its enemies."
On where that strength
resides, Mr. Mansbach was unambiguous. "Until 70 years ago, we had no true
home," he said. "That ended with the establishment of the state."
so. But many Jews still live in the diaspora, including more than six million
here in America. Even now, we are lucky to live in a place where what constituted
an act of defiance for Akiva and Rachel Posner can exist here as a quotidian exercise
of religious freedom. But as the Chanukah story also reminds us, that freedom
can vanish almost overnight. In this year more than most, it needs to be defended
against the old-new bigotries that would extinguish its light.
This sentence is from the website of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.
Not exactly. True, the goal of the Nazis was to destroy us mortally, but the
Greeks' primary intention was to destroy us spiritually by uprooting Torah from
the nation. That's why the primary celebration is for eight days instead of one
(as is the Purim celebration of the battle victory against their Persian enemies
-- and also the State of Israel's Yom Atmiut commemoration of the 1948 War of
Independence), and centers on the menorah and not on the war victory.
Adapted and supplemented by Yerachmiel Tilles from a stirring article by Daniella
J. Greenbaum, then assistant editor at Commentary Magazine, on //NYTimes.com
on December 12, 2017, as reprinted in Shabbat Stories for the Parsha (keren18@
Photo Credit: Shulamith Posner-Mansbach/United States Holocaust
Tilles is co-founder and associate director of Ascent-of-Safed, and chief editor
of this website (and of KabbalaOnline.org). He has hundreds of published stories
to his credit, and many have been translated into other languages. He tells them
live at Ascent nearly every Saturday night.
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